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英语法律词义辨析:利益

   发布时间:2018/11/13 10:25:33

英语法律词义辨析:利益   

利益与我们每个人的生活都是息息相关的,相信所有人都希望自己的利益能得到保护而不被他人损害。那么你是否真正完全清楚在法律英语中表示“利益”的单词有哪些呢?下面就跟随小编,让我们一起进入到

今天的英语词义辨析学习吧。

Benefit /Gain/Profit/ Advantage

NO.1 Benefit

Benefit为最常用词汇,可以指任何种类的利益,包括物质的或其他类别,不论用什么方式获得。

英文释义:  河南英语法律翻译

The advantage or privilege something gives; profit or gain.                         ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:   河南英语法律翻译

benefit certificate  受益证书

economic benefit     经济效益

mutual benefit    互惠互利

collateral benefit   附带利益

fringe  benefit     额外利益

NO.2 Gain

Gain有时可指在无任何人受损的情况下获得或得到某种无形财产,但其更常用作指获得物质上的利益。

英文释义:  河南英语法律翻译

An increase in amount, degree, or value; excess of receipts over expenditures or of sale price over cost; the excess of the amount realized form a sale or other disposition of property over the property's adjusted value.                       ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

The company didn't disclose how much it expects to gain   from   the two deals.

He has no aspiration for fame or gain.

NO.3 Profit

Profit更常用作指投资、企业或交易所获得的物质或金钱上的利益或收获。

英文释义:

The excess of revenues over expenditures in a business tra-nsaction.                                    ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

The company made a healthy profit on the deal.

The sale generated record profits .

NO. 4 Advantage

Advantage指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。

英文释义:

An advantage is a way in which one thing is better than another.                   ——Collins Dictionary

例如:

an unfair advantage不公平的有利因素(指有利于自己、但并不有利于对手)

Eventually, the new regulations will work to our advantage.

It would be to your advantage to attend this meeting. 

那么学习完了“利益”的词义辨析,那么当有人损害了我们的利益之后,我们就应该寻求法律的帮助,去指控某人犯罪的事实啦。接下来,我们就来继续学习关于“指控某人犯罪”的词义辨析了吧。

Charge/Accuse/Impeach/IncriminateNO.1 Charge

Charge一般指向法院提起的正式指控,此外它还可表示谴责某人违背某些行为准则等。

英文释义:

To accuse (a person) of an offense <the police charged him with murder>; To instruct or command <the dean charged the students to act ethically>.                                   ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

He may still face criminal charges.

They have the evidence to charge him.

After being questioned by the police, she was released without   charge.

NO.2 Accuse

Accuse指刑事指控,为通用词,可表示正式或非正式,官方或个人指控。

英文释义:

To charge (a person) judicially or publicly with an offense;  to make an accusation against <she accused him of the crime><he was accused as an accused as an accomplice>.         ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

to accuse sb. of murder  指控某人犯谋杀罪

Her assistant was accused of theft and fraud by the police.

The accused men have been given relatively light sentences.

NO.3 Impeach

Impeach“弹劾”,多指因公共官员犯了叛逆罪或其他严重罪行而对其提起的指控;在英国,此种指控多由下议院提起,由上议院审理。

英文释义:

To charge with a crime or misconduct; esp., to formally cha-rge (a public official) with a violation of the public trust.——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

During that meeting, the opposition party put forward a    proposal to impeach the President.

We must impeach the judge for taking bribes.

The angry congressman wanted to impeach the President.

NO.4 Incriminate

Incriminate用于刑事犯罪,可指直接控告罪犯,也可指某人因不利证词而受到牵连,而后一种用法更加常见。

英文释义:

To charge (someone) with a crime; To identify (oneself or another) as being involved in the commission of a crime or other wrongdoing.      ——Black's Law Dictionary

例如:

He claimed that the drugs had been planted to incriminate him.

I did not incriminate my client.

They are afraid of incriminating themselves and say no mo-re than is necessary.

 

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